The increase – an additional 420,000 girls and boys – is due to the continued fighting and the steady deterioration of life in eastern Ukraine, where some 1.7 million people have been internally displaced, and many families have lost their incomes, social benefits and access to healthcare, while the price of living has sharply risen.   
 
“This is an invisible emergency – a crisis most of the world has forgotten,” said Giovanna Barberis UNICEF Representative in Ukraine. “Children in eastern Ukraine have been living under the constant threat of unpredictable fighting and shelling for the past three years. Their schools have been destroyed, they have been forced from their homes and their access to basic commodities like heat and water has been cut off.”
 
Hundreds of daily ceasefire violations put children’s physical safety and psychological well-being at risk. The situation is particularly grave for the approximately 200,000 girls and boys living within 15 kilometers on each side of the ‘contact line’ in eastern Ukraine, a line which divides government and non-government controlled areas where fighting is most severe.
 
In this zone, 19,000 children face constant danger from landmines and other unexploded ordinance and 12,000 children live in communities shelled at least once a month. Thousands of children are regularly forced to take refuge in improvised bomb shelters.
 
Teachers, psychologists and parents report signs of severe psychosocial distress among children including nightmares, aggression, social withdrawal and panic triggered by loud noises.  
 
More than 740 schools – 1 in 5 in eastern Ukraine - have been damaged or destroyed.
 
UNICEF once again calls for all sides to immediately recommit to the ceasefire signed in Minsk in August 2015 and to respect international humanitarian law, including allowing unrestricted humanitarian access. 
 
“After three horrific years, children in eastern Ukraine urgently need lasting peace, so that their unnecessary suffering ends” said Barberis.
UNICEF is appealing for US$31.3 million to provide health and nutrition support, education, clean water, hygiene and sanitation as well as protection for children and families affected by the conflict. So far, approximately 10 per cent of the appeal has been funded.
 
 
Note to editor
In 2016 UNICEF;
 
• Provided 207,000 children and caregivers with psychosocial support.
• Reached 500,000 children and their families with mine risk education.
• Delivered warm clothing to 10,000 children and families living in poor communities close to the contact line.
• Reached 2.5 million people with safe drinking water and vital water, sanitation and hygiene infrastructure.
• Rehabilitated 50 schools and provided education materials for 150,000 children.
• Supported the safe births of approximately 29,000 babies with midwifery kits.  
 
 
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About UNICEF
UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do.  Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere. 
 
For more information about UNICEF and its work for children, visit www.unicef.org.  
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For more information or for interviews please contact:
Iuliia Poberezhna, UNICEF Kyiv, +380 50 388 29 51, ipoberezhna@unicef.org 
Melanie Sharpe, UNICEF Geneva, +41 79 834 74 01 msharpe@unicef.org
Kristen Elsby, UNICEF Geneva, +41 79 938 8273, kelsby@unicef.org