People consume more than the planet has time to produce. By 2050, the world's population will grow by 9 billion and this will significantly increase the demand for Earth resources.

In this regard, agriculture should increase production to meet the needs of the population in food consumption. However, on the other hand, bad agricultural practices negatively impact on the environment, threatening productive land degradation, water loss, and biodiversity loss. The global challenge is to find sustainable ways to feed the population. Human beings need an agriculture that can feed the world without depleting its natural resources, ecologically, economically and socially viable for present and future.

The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is working to ensure food security, adaptation to climate change and climate change mitigation. FAO has proposed climatically optimized agriculture to redirect agricultural system in Ukraine. This approach will help steady ways to increase productivity and income, strengthen resilience to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, thereby improving the health of the planet. FAO specialists have developed practical recommendations to optimize forestry, crop farming, livestock and fish farming.

Some of FAO recommendations to prevent climate change in Ukraine are the following:

- energy-efficient and resource-saving technologies, renewable energy sources should be used;

- fertilizer system should be optimized, technologies for preservation and improvement of soil fertility should be used, and neutral levels of land degradation should be obtained;

- shelterbelts should be protected to prevent land degradation; and

- use of fossil fuels should be reduced.

Moreover, FAO conducts trainings on sustainable agriculture to spread the practical and theoretical knowledge about the use of soil protection technologies in agriculture in steppe and forest-steppe zones of Ukraine under climate change. The theoretical and practical parts are designed to strengthen stakeholders’ capacities in economic efficiency of the sustainable agriculture technologies and basic approaches of sustainable natural resource management.

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) establish targets for achieving inclusive economic growth, social development and natural resource conservation and biodiversity by 2030. Sustainable agriculture practices and technologies contribute to many of the 17 SDGs by helping to end hunger and malnutrition, reducing post-harvest loss and food waste, mitigating climate change, providing clean energy and preserving biodiversity.



Communication specialist

FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

Kyiv, Ukraine

+38 (098) 605 5061

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