In September 2000, building upon a decade of major United Nations conferences and summits, world leaders came together at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to adopt the United Nations Millennium Declaration.

The Declaration committed nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty, and set out a series of eight time-bound targets - with a deadline of 2015 - that have become known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

The final MDG Report found that the 15-year effort has produced the most successful anti-poverty movement in history:

  • Since 1990, the number of people living in extreme poverty has declined by more than half.
  • The proportion of undernourished people in the developing regions has fallen by almost half.
  • The primary school enrolment rate in the developing regions has reached 91 percent, and many more girls are now in school compared to 15 years ago.
  • Remarkable gains have also been made in the fight against HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis.
  • The under-five mortality rate has declined by more than half, and maternal mortality is down 45 percent worldwide.
  • The target of halving the proportion of people who lack access to improved sources of water was also met.

The MDGs for Ukraine translated into seven priority areas: poverty reduction, providing access to quality lifelong education, promoting gender equality, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis, ensuring environmental sustainability. The MDGs defined for Ukraine consist of 7 goals, 15 targets and 33 indicators.

Ukraine has managed to achieve certain progress in reducing absolute poverty, ensuring access to primary and secondary education, improving maternal health and reducing child mortality.

The progress in Ukraine is summarized in the REPORT: Post-2015 Ukraine: The Future We Want

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