Gender equality is at the very heart of human rights and United Nations (UN) values. A fundamental principle of the United Nations Charter adopted by world leaders in 1945 is "equal rights of men and women", and protecting and promoting women's human rights is the responsibility of all States.

Ukraine has taken the key international commitments on gender equality including Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, 1980) and its Optional Protocol, Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), and adopted national legislative and policy framework on gender equality, including the State Programme on ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men (till 2016) and the National Action Plan “Women, Peace and Security” (2016) to implement UN Security Resolution 1325.

However, women still face constraints in practicing their political, economic and social rights. Violence against women and girls, including domestic and sexual violence, are pressing issue and impeding realization of their full potential. Women's participation in decision-making remains extremely low. They are concentrated in low-paid economic sectors and with limited access to top management positions in all sectors of economy. Women make a majority in care and unpaid domestic work, with limited control over assets and productive resources.

Today gender-based discrimination is enhanced due to annexation of Crimea, military conflict in the Eastern Ukraine, economic and social crisis and the austerity policy adopted by government to cope with it. . Women and children constitute two-third of 1,6 mln. of officially registered internally displaced people. They face difficulties in exercising their economic and social rights: access to jobs, medical care, accommodation, social services and benefits. Women shoulder a responsibility of the families’ social well-being and care work. The breakdown of the rule of law and the economic hardships increased vulnerability to sexual violence and trafficking.

Promoting gender equality as a driver of sustainable country development, the UN System in Ukraine supports government, parliament and civil society to ensure the political, social and economic participation of women, to accelerate empowerment of women and strengthen their role in national reforms processes, to facilitate Ukraine’s adherence to international treaty obligations and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

The UN Gender Theme Group (UN GTG) – a key UN interagency mechanisms - includes gender focal points of the UN Agencies and the Resident Coordinator’s Office and works to promote, facilitate and support the implementation of gender mainstreaming throughout the UN system in Ukraine.

It is a common forum for all UN agencies, funds and programmes for sharing of gender-specific information and experiences. The group strives for establishment of a effective partnership and dialogue between UN, Government, Parliament and the civil society in the area of gender equality and women’s rights in Ukraine.

In 2016 the Group plans to focus on:

- Supporting the implementation and monitoring of the national and international gender equality commitments, including Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination (CEDAW), Beijing Platform for Action, UN Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security;

- Gender mainstreaming in evaluation of UN Partnership Framework (2012-2016) and in the process of drafting the next one (2017- 2020) with a full engagement of the gender advocates and women’s groups;

- Joining efforts with partners in awareness raising and advocacy for gender equality and women and girls’ rights.

Fast Facts

Women’s average wage was 76.3% of men’s average wage in 2014.

Women’s pension constitutes 67% from men’s one.

Women owned 20-22% of small and medium enterprises and only 2% of big ones in 2013.

Women and children constitute two-third of 1,6 mln. of officially registered internally displaced people.

Near 90,000 cases of violence against women are registered annually.

[accordion]
[item title="National Documents"]

LAW ON EQUAL RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF WOMEN NAD MEN

-Law on Equal Rights and Opportunities of Women and Men 2005

NEW AMENDMENTS PROPOSED BY THE DRAFTS LAWS

-Draft Law on introducing amendments to some legislative act of Ukraine (on ensuring equal rights and opportunities of women and men in election processes) No 1446 on 12.12.2014

-Draft Law on introducing amendments to some laws of Ukraine on ensuring equal rights and opportunities of women and men No 1445 on 11.12.2014

ELECTION PROCESS

-The Law on Political Parties of Ukraine, 2001

-The Law on Local Elections 2015

DECREE OF THE PRESIDENT

-Decree of the President on Improvement of Central and Local Authorities on Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities of Women and Men, 2005

NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON EQUAL RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF WOMEN AND MAN

-National Action Plan on Equal Rights and Opportunities of Women and Men up to 2016

LAW ON PREVENTING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

-Law on Preventing Domestic Violence, 2001

FURTHER AMENDMENTS TO THE LAW

-Law of Ukraine on Amending Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Concerning Improvement of Legislation Combating Domestic Violence (2008)

-Amendments to Code of Administrative Offences (2010) (excerpts)

-Law of Ukraine on Amending Certain Legislative Acts on the Activities of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine and Other Central Executive Bodies 2012

-Law of Ukraine on Amending Certain Legislative Acts in Accordance with the Newly Adopted Law on Free Judicial Aid 2012

-The President’s Decree on the Human Rights Strategy on 25 August 2015

HIGH LEVEL STRATEGIC DOCUMENTS

-Strategy 2020
-Government Of Ukraine – United Nations Partnership Framework 2012-2016
-Ukraine and the IMF: Letter of Intent, Memorandum of Economic and Financial Policies, and Technical Memorandum of Understanding
-EU-Ukraine Association Agreement
-Coalition Agreement [/item]


[item title="International Documents"]

UN TREATIES RELATED TO WOMEN

-Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
-The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
-Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
-International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)
-International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (CCPR)
-Convention on the Political Rights of Women
-Convention on the Nationality of Married Women

CEDAW REPORTS

-Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Fifty-fifth session (8 - 26 July 2013) Fifty-sixth session (30 September - 18 -October 2013) Fifty-seventh session (10-28 February 2014)
-Fourth and fifth periodic Ukraine periodic report to CEDAW

-Concluding observations as of 3 March 2017 on the eighth periodic report of Ukraine (which was presented on 14 February 2017 at the 66th session of CEDAW review committee).

-General Documenation on Ukraine of the CEDAW's 66th Session, 13 Feb 2017 - 03 Mar 2017

WOMEN FOR PEACE

-UN Security Council Resolution # 2122 (2013)
-UN Security Council Resolution # 1889 (2009)
-UN Security Council Resolution # 1888 (2009)
-UN Security Council Resolution # 1820 (2008)
-UN Security Council Resolution # 1325 (2000)

THE BEIJING PROCESS AND RELATED DOCUMENTS

-Political declaration on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the 4th World Conference on Women - 2015
-Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action - 1995 [/item]


[item title="Researches and Publications"]

BEIJING DECLARATION AND PLATFORM

-Gender Policy and Institutional Mechanisms of its Implementation in Ukraine. National review of Ukraine’s implementation of the Beijing Declaration and -Platform for Action and the outcomes of the Twenty-third special session of the General Assembly, September 2014, (English)

-Ukraine National Review. Implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995) and the outcomes of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly (2000) in the context of the twentieth anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the adoption of the Beijing -Declaration and Platform for Action (2015), April 2014, (English)

MDG UKRAINE

-Millennium Development Goals Ukraine 2015
-Millennium Development Goals Ukraine 2014
-Post-2015 Ukraine: The Future We Want
-Other UNDP Publications: UNDP Ukraine Library

CEDAW

-Surveys, conducted in the framework of preparation of the eighth periodic report on the implementation in Ukraine of the UN Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, 2014, UNFPA
-The last Alternative report was prepared in 2008 by the Women’s Consortium of Ukraine’s Network
-Report on the implementation in Ukraine of the UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women

GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE

-Infographics on the results of GBV prevelance survey, UNFPA, 2014 ENG
-GBV prevalence survey EN, UNFPA, 2014
-Monitoring of Judicial Practice for Criminal, Civil and Administrative Offenses Related To Domestic Violence, UNDP, 2014
-Compliance of selected Ukrainian laws with the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention), CoE, 2015
-CoE Project Publications “Preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence in Ukraine”
-Presentation on the results of IDP Rapid Needs Assessment of 2015

HUMAN RIGHTS

-2014 Annual Report of the Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights
-UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine Reports 2014-2015
-Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine 1 December 2014 to 15 February 2015
-Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union, Human Rights Report, Ukraine, 2015

WOMEN AND ECONOMY

-Analytical research on women’s participation in the labour force in Ukraine, 2012, UNFPA
-Analytical Report: Research on Conditions for Economic Empowerment of Women in Ukraine as a Contributing Factor to Gender Equality, 2012, OSCE
-Inequality in Ukraine: Scale and Possibility of Impact. 2012, Institute of Demography and Social Studies of the NACU

VULNERABLE CATEGORIES OF WOMEN

-Situation of Older Women in Ukraine. Analytical Report, 2014, UNFPA
-Child Marriage in Ukraine, UNFPA
-Child Marriage in Ukraine_Summary
-Child Marriage in Ukraine_Overview
-Comprehensive Study on Rural Women Rights in Ukraine, UNDP, 2015
-Summary of the new study on rural women rights in English

-Analytical research on women’s participation in the labour force in Ukraine
-Family and Family Relations in Ukraine: modernity and development trends
-Incidence of violence against girls and women
-Surveys, conducted in the framework of preparation of the eighth periodic report on the implementation in Ukraine of the UN Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women
-FACT SHEET AND CALENDAR OF EVENTS for "16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence" Campaign

IDPs

-Assessment of needs of internally displaced women and older persons in Ukraine, UNFPA, 2015
-Gender and oblast disaggregated statistics on the IDPs is provided by the Ministry of Social Policy (its Department on Social Services for the IDPs) by request

MATERNITY AND WOMEN’S HEALTH

-Institutional Research Socio-demographic and Medical Determinants of the Risk of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV in Ukraine. Annotated Report, UNICEF, 2014
-Population Size Estimate of Drug Addicted Women of Reproductive Age and Drug Addicted Pregnant Women in Ukraine. Analytical Report on the Study -Findings, UNICEF, 2014
-Population Size Estimate of Drug Addicted Women of Reproductive Age and Drug Addicted Pregnant Women in Ukraine, UNICEF

WOMEN IN POLITICS

-Women in Ukrainian Politics: Challenges and Perspectives. 2015, International Centre for Political Studies
-Women in Political and Public Life: Prejudice, Opportunities, Prospects. A national survey, conducted by the Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation together with the Ukrainian Sociology Service by the request of the International Centre for Policy Studies, 2014-2015
-Women in Politics of Ukraine on Local Level: Challenges and Participations. Analytical Report, Women’s Consortium of Ukraine (WCU), 2014
-Gender Monitoring of Parliamentary Elections-2014, Report. USAID, WCU, 2014
-Gender Monitoring of Parliamentary Elections of 2014. Comparative Analysis. Women’s Consortium of Ukraine (WCU), 2014 , (Ukrainian)
-Ukraine Gender Assessment, 2014, International Foundation for Electoral Systems, (English)
-Will the 30% gender quota be implemented on the local elections 2015? T. Malkova. Survey of the International Centre for Political Study. (Ukrainian)
-Women in Politics: Opinion of Voters. NDI, 2015. (Ukrainian)

WOMEN AND CONFLICT

-Voices from Ukraine: Civil Society as a Driver for Peace Strengthening the Role and Contribution of Ukrainian Women in Conflict Prevention, Resolution, -Peacebuilding and Reconciliation, September 2014. WOMEN’S INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE FOR PEACE & FREEDOM (English)
-Maidan. Women's Business. 2014, Ukrainian Women’s Fund (Ukrainian)
-Gender Dimensions of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine’s Monitoring: One Year of Progress

WOMEN IN MASS MEDIA

-Institute of Mass Media conducted Gender Monitoring of mass media in 2014 (only in Ukrainian_
-Interview on gender misbalance in mass media (2 September 2015), (in Ukrainian)

GENDER BUDGETING

-Gender Responsive Budgeting: Gender Analysis of State Funded Programmes. Guidelines for officials of governmental and local authorities, UN Women and other partners, (Ukrainian)

GENERAL REPORTS, RISKS AND NEEDS ASSESSMENTS MADE BY THE UN IN UKRAINE

-Final Report on Humanitarian Aid Distribution to Internally Displaced People in Ukraine, 2014-2015, UNDP
-Socio-economic Vulnerability and Risk Assessment, 2015,UNDP
-Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessment: Analysis of Crisis Impacts and Needs in Eastern Ukraine. Volume I: Synthesis report, 2014, (English)
-Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessment: Analysis of Crisis Impacts and Needs in Eastern Ukraine. Volume II: Full component reports, 2014, (English)

UKRAINIAN OFFICIAL STATISTICS (by the State Statistics Service)

-Regularly updated statistics on their website in Ukrainian and in English
-Women and Men of Ukraine, 2012, in Ukrainian
-Women, Children and Families of Ukraine, 2013, in English
-Ukraine in Figures 2013, 2014 and Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine 2013, in English
-Economic Activities in Ukraine 2013 and 2014, in English

UNFPA PUBLICATIONS

-Resource guide for Gender Theme Groups (GTGs)

USEFUL INFORMATION

-Bibliography of Studies and Surveys focusing on Gender and/or Women's Issues or that have a Gender component, RA, 1995-2015

NEWSLETTER BY THE EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES INTER-FACTION UNION

Newsletter №1/2 (January-February 2016)
Newsletter №2 (March 2015)
Newsletter №3 (April 2015)
Newsletter №4 (May 2015)
Newsletter №5 (June 2015)
Newsletter №6 (July 2015) [/item]

[/accordion]

Gender equality is at the very heart of human rights and United Nations (UN) values. A fundamental principle of the United Nations Charter adopted by world leaders in 1945 is "equal rights of men and women", and protecting and promoting women's human rights is the responsibility of all States.

Ukraine has taken the key international commitments on gender equality including Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, 1980) and its Optional Protocol, Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), and adopted national legislative and policy framework on gender equality, including the State Programme on ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men (till 2016) and the National Action Plan “Women, Peace and Security” (2016) to implement UN Security Resolution 1325.

However, women still face constraints in practicing their political, economic and social rights. Violence against women and girls, including domestic and sexual violence, are pressing issue and impeding realization of their full potential. Women's participation in decision-making remains extremely low. They are concentrated in low-paid economic sectors and with limited access to top management positions in all sectors of economy. Women make a majority in care and unpaid domestic work, with limited control over assets and productive resources.

Today gender-based discrimination is enhanced due to annexation of Crimea, military conflict in the Eastern Ukraine, economic and social crisis and the austerity policy adopted by government to cope with it. . Women and children constitute two-third of 1,6 mln. of officially registered internally displaced people. They face difficulties in exercising their economic and social rights: access to jobs, medical care, accommodation, social services and benefits. Women shoulder a responsibility of the families’ social well-being and care work. The breakdown of the rule of law and the economic hardships increased vulnerability to sexual violence and trafficking.

Promoting gender equality as a driver of sustainable country development, the UN System in Ukraine supports government, parliament and civil society to ensure the political, social and economic participation of women, to accelerate empowerment of women and strengthen their role in national reforms processes, to facilitate Ukraine’s adherence to international treaty obligations and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

The UN Gender Theme Group (UN GTG) – a key UN interagency mechanisms - includes gender focal points of the UN Agencies and the Resident Coordinator’s Office and works to promote, facilitate and support the implementation of gender mainstreaming throughout the UN system in Ukraine.

It is a common forum for all UN agencies, funds and programmes for sharing of gender-specific information and experiences. The group strives for establishment of a effective partnership and dialogue between UN, Government, Parliament and the civil society in the area of gender equality and women’s rights in Ukraine.

In 2016 the Group plans to focus on:

- Supporting the implementation and monitoring of the national and international gender equality commitments, including Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination (CEDAW), Beijing Platform for Action, UN Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security;

- Gender mainstreaming in evaluation of UN Partnership Framework (2012-2016) and in the process of drafting the next one (2017- 2020) with a full engagement of the gender advocates and women’s groups;

- Joining efforts with partners in awareness raising and advocacy for gender equality and women and girls’ rights.

Fast Facts

Women’s average wage was 76.3% of men’s average wage in 2014.

Women’s pension constitutes 67% from men’s one.

Women owned 20-22% of small and medium enterprises and only 2% of big ones in 2013.

Women and children constitute two-third of 1,6 mln. of officially registered internally displaced people.

Near 90,000 cases of violence against women are registered annually.

Key facts and figures

 

GBV Figures

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